Note: The Coolidge Scholarship application has not yet opened. The application will open sometime in October The Coolidge may be used by recipients at any accredited American college or university. Anyone of any background, pursuing any academic discipline of study, may apply to this non-partisan, need-blind, program. Students apply for the Coolidge Scholarship during their junior year of high school. Finalists who are not named Coolidge Scholars are eligible to receive a smaller, one-time, college scholarship.
The main criterion that distinguishes Coolidge Scholars therefore is academic excellence. Secondary criteria include: demonstrated interest in public policy; an appreciation for the values Coolidge championed; as well as humility and service.Calvin Coolidge: Maligned by Historians, But Vindicated by History?
The summer before their senior year of high school, newly-selected Coolidge Scholars spend several orientation days at the picturesque birthplace of the President, Plymouth Notch, Vt. There scholars get to know Coolidge and his world, and help the Coolidge Foundation oversee its formidable debate programs. Scholars return to Plymouth Notch for a week in each of the next three summers. Coolidge with Spelling Bee Finalists Photo Credit Library of Congress.What Coolidge Senators have to say about the Summit….
Because of my participation with the Coolidge foundation and the advice and experiences afforded me I feel better prepared to go forward in life. The opportunity to converse with people of different backgrounds, different beliefs, and different experiences was priceless.
I was surrounded by brilliant and amazing people and ended up visiting places I have never gone to and participated in debates I could have never imagined. I had an amazing time learning from all of my incredible fellow scholars. The political diversity was quite impressive as was the array of extracurriculars that the Senators are involved in. I made friends who I hope will last for the rest of my life, I heard from speakers who changed my perspective on my future career, and I gained a renewed vigor to face my senior year.
And most importantly, President Coolidge offers such insight into our political atmosphere today and I think we Americans could do well to learn from our 30th president. The Summit provided my first opportunity to truly travel independent of my family, but also connected me with dozens of other bright and motivated students. The latter point is especially notable as I generally have trouble connecting with my peers, but I was able to relate to the other Coolidge Senators.
The experience was altogether enjoyable, with tours of some of the most important federal buildings, nights spent at a five-star hotel, high-quality dining, and helpful and interesting seminars from distinguished speakers. I only wish that we could have stayed longer. I was very happy with my time at the Willard, and even though I have been to DC before, this experience was entirely different. We got to experience all three branches first-hand, as well as interact with speakers from different fields and backgrounds.
Furthermore, I got to meet like-minded students from across the nation, and I believe these connections will last far beyond the Summit. They took us to the room where it happens. Moreover, they let us hear from the people who make those decisions. The other Senators engaged with me in some of the most stimulating conversations I have ever had with teenagers. I am so grateful that I was included in this group of students, whom uniquely relative to most their age, valued knowledge, intellectual curiosity, and the evaluation of ideas by logical thinking.
The connections you can form in just three days with some of the most interesting people from all over the country are incredible.A Republican lawyer from New Englandborn in VermontCoolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politicseventually becoming governor of Massachusetts. His response to the Boston Police Strike of thrust him into the national spotlight and gave him a reputation as a man of decisive action. The next year, he was elected the 29th vice president of the United Statesand he succeeded to the presidency upon the sudden death of Warren G.
Harding in Elected in his own right inhe gained a reputation as a small-government conservative and also as a man who said very little and had a rather dry sense of humor.
Coolidge restored public confidence in the White House after the scandals of his predecessor's administration, and left office with considerable popularity. That he did represent the genius of the average is the most convincing proof of his strength".
Scholars have ranked Coolidge in the lower half of those presidents that they have assessed. He is praised by advocates of smaller government and laissez-faire economics, while supporters of an active central government generally view him less favorably, although most praise his stalwart support of racial equality. John Calvin Coolidge Jr. He was the elder of the two children of John Calvin Coolidge Sr. Although named for his father, John, from early childhood Coolidge was addressed by his middle name, Calvin.
His middle name was selected in honor of John Calvinconsidered a founder of the Congregational church in which Coolidge was raised and remained active throughout his life. Coolidge Senior engaged in many occupations and developed a statewide reputation as a prosperous farmer, storekeeper, and public servant.
He held various local offices, including justice of the peace and tax collector and served in the Vermont House of Representatives as well as the Vermont Senate.
She was chronically ill and died, perhaps from tuberculosiswhen Coolidge was twelve years old. His younger sister, Abigail Grace Coolidge —died at the age of 15, probably of appendicitis, when Coolidge was Coolidge's father married a Plymouth schoolteacher inand lived to the age of Coolidge's family had deep roots in New England ; his earliest American ancestor, John Coolidge, emigrated from CottenhamCambridgeshire, England, around and settled in Watertown, Massachusetts. Coolidge attended Black River Academy and then St.
Johnsbury Academybefore enrolling at Amherst Collegewhere he distinguished himself in the debating class. As a senior, he joined the fraternity Phi Gamma Delta and graduated cum laude. While at Amherst, Coolidge was profoundly influenced by philosophy professor Charles Edward Garmana Congregational mystic, with a neo-Hegelian philosophy. The only hope of perfecting human relationships is in accordance with the law of service under which men are not so solicitous about what they shall get as they are about what they shall give.
Yet people are entitled to the rewards of their industry. What they earn is theirs, no matter how small or how great. But the possession of property carries the obligation to use it in a larger service At his father's urging after graduation, Coolidge moved to Northampton, Massachusetts to become a lawyer. John C. Hammond and Henry P.
Calvin Coolidge, 29th Vice President (1921-1923)
Field, both Amherst graduates, introduced Coolidge to law practice in the county seat of Hampshire County, Massachusetts. InCoolidge was admitted to the Massachusetts barbecoming a country lawyer. He practiced commercial law, believing that he served his clients best by staying out of court. As his reputation as a hard-working and diligent attorney grew, local banks and other businesses began to retain his services.
After 25 years he wrote of Grace, "for almost a quarter of a century she has borne with my infirmities and I have rejoiced in her graces". April 13, — July 7, Calvin Jr. On June 30, Calvin Jr.The Coolidge Senators Program is a distinct program from the Coolidge Scholarship that recognizes Coolidge Scholarship applicants who show a special interest in Calvin Coolidge, in addition to, exceptional academic merit.
All students who apply to the Coolidge Scholarship are automatically considered for the Coolidge Senators Program. Coolidge Senators receive a modest, one-time college scholarship and are invited to take part, all-expenses-paid, in the annual Coolidge Senators Summit in Washington, D. The Summit gives Senators a glimpse of the inner workings of our government. While the typical trip to Washington normally focus solely on government, the Coolidge Summit gives special emphasis to entrepreneurship and the private sector.
Therefore, Coolidge Senators hear from business leaders on the topics relating to entrepreneurship and innovation in fields ranging from medicine, to manufacturing, to finance. Importantly, the Summit provides the opportunity for Coolidge Senators to forge friendships with other top students from across America.
Designation as a Coolidge Senator opens up a wide network of both peers and mentors. The Coolidge Foundation provides further enrichment opportunities for Coolidge Senators during their college years.
Typically, the Summit takes place in August following the Scholarship application process. Senators stay at the historic Willard Hotel, just a block from the White House, where Calvin Coolidge himself lived during his vice presidency. Click here to read testimonials on the Summit from Coolidge Senators.Dykaar again received the higher commission price for the bust of Coolidge. Dykaar, a Lithuanian-Russian immigrant, had attended drawing school in his native Vilnius, later studying at the prestigious Academie Julian in Paris.
Dykaar executed the Coolidge bust in marble at his New York City studio in ; it was placed in the Capitol without ceremony two years later. At that time, it was the only statue of a living person exhibited in the building. While the sculpture was being installed in the Senate wing, part of the left ear was broken. It was repaired shortly afterward, redamaged inand repaired again that same year. Prior to his contract with the Joint Committee, Dykaar used his plaster model to create marble busts of Coolidge for Amherst College and the Forbes Library, both in Massachusetts.
Marshall and Charles Curtis. Also at the U. Calvin Coolidge served as the 29th vice president of the United States from until his succession to the presidency in upon the sudden death of President Warren G.
He studied and practiced law in Northampton, Massachusetts, held local and state legislative office, and was elected lieutenant governor, ultimately becoming governor of the state.
As Massachusetts's chief executive, Coolidge attracted national attention when he opposed a Boston police strike with the words, "There is no right to strike against the public safety by anybody, anywhere, any time. Coolidge was nominated as Harding's running mate in in a political revolt against "bossism," and assumed the vice presidency in Following the president's death, Coolidge was sworn in as the 30th president of the United States by his father, a Vermont justice of the peace.
Untouched by the scandals of the Harding administration, Coolidge was elected president in his own right the following year.
Marcus A. Coolidge
His policies were strongly pro-business: He favored tax cuts and a restrained, laissez-faire role for government. Coolidge did not seek reelection in In his retirement, he wrote various articles, as well as his autobiography. He died in in Northampton, Massachusetts. Mark O. Calvin Coolidge. Biography of Calvin Coolidge.If the Vice-President is a man of discretion and character so that he can be relied upon to act as a subordinate in that position, he should be invited to sit with the Cabinet, although some of the Senators, wishing to be the only advisers of the President, do not look on that proposal with favor.
Calvin Coolidge came to the vice-presidency from the governorship of Massachusetts, but he was at heart a Vermonter. Born in Vermont on the Fourth of Julyhe died in Vermont sixty-one years later, on January 5, During the years between, he lived most of his adult life in Massachusetts and worked out of the statehouse in Boston but never identified with Back Bay society.
One of Coolidge's first biographers, Claude Fuess, identified him as the archetypical Yankee, "with his wiry, nervous body, his laconic speech, his thrift, his industry, his conservative distrust of foreigners and innovations, and his native dignity.
Calvin Coolidge grew up in the bucolic setting of rural Vermont in the late nineteenth century. He was a slight, red-headed, blue-eyed boy whose decided nasal twang was made worse by numerous childhood allergies until it gave his voice a quacking sound.
His invalid mother died when he was just twelve years old, and he was raised by his father, Colonel John Coolidge, a talented jack-of-all-trades, who ran a general store and farmed, as well as serving as justice of the peace and a member of the state legislature.
For all these accomplishments, Colonel Coolidge was not a man who could express his emotions openly, and one senses from reading Calvin Coolidge's Autobiography that he spent much of his life trying to earn his father's respect and approval. As Coolidge later noted, "A lot of people in Plymouth can't understand how I got to be President, least of all my father! A painfully shy boy, Coolidge would go into a panic at the sound of a stranger's voice in the house.
Writing in a letter to a friend years later, he recalled that when visitors would sit with his parents in the kitchen, he found it difficult to go in and greet them. And by fighting hard I used to manage to get through that door. I'm all right with old friends, but every time I meet a stranger, I've got to get through the old kitchen door, back home, and it's not easy.
Shortly after his mother died, Coolidge escaped from the drudgery of farm work to attend the Black River Academy in Ludlow, Vermont, his "first great adventure," which he described as "a complete break with the past. He did well enough to be chosen one of the three commencement speakers at his graduation, assigned to deliver the "grove oration," which was to describe the class members in a witty and humorous manner.
Coolidge later related that he learned from the experience "that making fun of people in a public way was not a good method to secure friends, or likely to lead to much advancement.
After college he read law with the firm of Hammond and Field in Northampton, Massachusetts, before joining the bar in Politically a conservative Republican, Coolidge had marched in a torchlight parade for Benjamin Harrison's unsuccessful reelection campaign in and wrote letters to the local papers in support of William McKinley's election in In December he won his first election to the Northampton city council, an unsalaried job that he saw primarily as a means of making useful contacts for his law practice.
He was then elected city solicitor, a post that paid six hundred dollars annually, which he believed would make him a better lawyer. Next came election to the Massachusetts house of representatives, and appointment to its judiciary committee, which he again considered more in terms of promoting himself as a lawyer than as a politician. He ran for mayor of Northampton, "thinking the honor would be one that would please my father, advance me in my profession, and enable me to be of some public service.
Coolidge always insisted that he never planned his political career. He meant only "to be ready to take advantage of opportunities. Coolidge summed up his philosophy as a legislator in a letter to his father upon the elder Coolidge's election to the Vermont Senate:. It is much more important to kill bad bills than to pass good ones, and better to spend your time on your own committee work than to be bothering with any bills of your own.
See that the bills you recommend from your committee are so worded that they will do just what they intend and not a great deal more that is undesirable. Most bills can't stand that kind of test.The Summit focuses on civics, public policy, and statesmanship.
During the weekend you will explore the Capital, engage in seminars and meet with historians, policy experts, and business leaders. This is also a unique opportunity for you to meet other high-achieving students from across America. We hope that the friendships and connections you make on this trip will last throughout your academic, personal and professional careers.
The Willard is a four diamond luxury hotel, and a celebrated Washingtonian landmark, proudly standing just steps away from the White House. The legendary hotel is surrounded by historical monuments, world-renowned museums and galleries, and the designer shops of CityCenterDC.
From its inception inThe Willard has welcomed every U. President since Franklin Pierce in Many afford breath-taking views of Pennsylvania Avenue, and of iconic Washingtonian landmarks. To this day, the Willard continues to be one of Washington D.
Event Home Page. Calvin Coolidge Presidential Foundation. Event Registration. DC Area Map.